Why would a guy avoid you if he likes you? 5 things you should know

You have observed actions of this particular type for weeks. His looks, the way he behaves around you, the things he says, are all indicators that he really likes you. But suddenly, you see that their behavior changes. Start avoiding yourself! This article shares 5 things you should know Why would a guy avoid you if he likes you?, so that you can get and keep a worthy man who appreciates you for life.

# 1 Must Know: Some guys just can’t bear to lose control of their emotions.

That you like someone is irresistible. When a man likes a girl and is attracted to her, he begins to behave irrationally and sometimes cannot control what he thinks and feels. Some guys hate losing control over their emotions. And because having control of his emotions is much more important to him than liking a girl, that guy will do what he can to keep his emotions in check. He will avoid the girl he likes in order to stay in control, because she is what keeps him comfortable in his life. It is their way of facing life.

If the boy you like is like this, I urge you to leave him alone. Leave it to your preferences. It will take a lot of effort to help him see that it is safe for him to open his heart and lose control of love.

# 2 You Should Know: Even if she agrees to be in a relationship with you, she may still resent you for being the source of her discomfort.

It sounds crazy, but the human mind can’t help but behave irrationally until someone makes the decision to change and do something about it. Still, it takes a lot of motivation and determination for a person to change. Change can be difficult.

While some say that love conquers all, is it worth all the heartache and drama? Leave the drama to TV shows and movies. Don’t waste your precious time and energy chasing after a guy who doesn’t want to change from within. You deserve to be chased and in love with a guy who can’t help but want to see you every day!

# 3 Must Know: A man won’t avoid a girl he REALLY likes.

If a guy really likes you, he will make it happen! He will put superhuman time, effort and creativity to pursue you and become his girlfriend!

Very often, the guy you meet at work, at school, or at social events is competitively attracted to LOTS of girls. It’s not just you. Don’t be surprised if he likes your best friend too! So, if a guy avoids you even though he likes you, quite possibly he might already be actively pursuing the girl he met yesterday, because he can’t wait to make her his girlfriend!

But these are things he’s not going to tell you. Even your closest friend may not know that you are actively pursuing a girl right now!

# 4 Must Know: Men tend to keep their love life private.

Guys often delay announcing their intentions to chase a girl until they succeed. This way, you save yourself the double humiliation of being rejected and teased by your friends for failing!

So if a guy avoids you when you THINK he likes you, he may already be talking seriously to another girl you don’t know yet. Instinctively, he knows that being attracted to you will jeopardize his plans to be with the girl of his dreams. So he avoids you to keep his master plan intact!

# 5 Must Know: It sounds romantic that a the boy is so attracted to you that he avoids you. But it really isn’t!

Stop falling in love with this guy who avoids you. Observe the other guys around you who are doing their best to impress you. It’s the guys who take the time to help you and lend you their ears that deserve a chance! Appreciate them for being an important part of your life. Honestly, why wouldn’t I give a fun, sweet, caring guy a chance? Do you realize that no man NEEDS to spend his time with you? They too can avoid you like this guy has done … so appreciate what you have!

Which Is the Best Cryptocurrency Mining Seller in USA?

Best Cryptocurrency Mining

The best Cryptocurrency Mining Provider is not easy to pinpoint. The reason for this is because of the many options that there are out there. Some may make claims, but when it comes down to it, what works for one person does not always work for another. This is why it’s important to really understand that choices are out there and which ones are actually worth working with.

Deciding which Cryptocurrency mining Provider is the best is really dependent upon what you need. If you are looking for a great way to make money without any effort then you may want to check out places like Amazon or even Overstock. These places offer products at wholesale prices and they do not require any sort of up front costs. With that being said, you have to make sure that the products you are buying are actually going to work. The problem here though is that if you get an item that doesn’t work as advertised, then you will be stuck with that product. On top of that, if you don’t like it you can’t return it so it will be pretty much useless.

Another way to go about finding an excellent provider is to research the Internet. There are a plethora of different websites out there that are dedicated to helping people make money from the Internet. It is a bit tedious, but can be extremely rewarding. One of the greatest benefits when it comes to doing this is that you have to really look around to make sure that you’re getting a good deal. There are so many different possibilities out there and some are better than others.

Which Is the Best Cryptocurrency Mining Seller in USA?

One of the more common options is investing in an online course. There are a lot of companies out there who have been successful at developing their own unique methods for getting into the business of Cryptocurrency Mining. By taking a course from one of these companies, you should have no problems understanding how they operate and why they are so good at what they do. You can learn a lot just by reading a bit of information.

If you’re not interested in learning, then you can also invest in an automated software program. This is usually sold as part of a package that includes an online tutorial series. It should give you enough information to get started, but as things progress you should be able to further your training on your own time. This is a great option because you can set it up to make profits even while you are away from the computer. However, there’s no guarantee that you’ll be profitable. It’s just a tool that can help you make things a little easier.

So which is the best way to go about getting started with a new career in Cryptocurrency Mining? The answer really all depends on what you’re looking for. Do you want to make some extra money or are you ready to enter the big leagues? There is a way to learn everything you need to know to get started and the best way is through a Cryptokit system.

How Zuckerberg Has Undermined Trust In The Facebook Brand

In 2018, Mark Zuckerberg showed the world how a constant stream of errors and insensitivity to consumer concerns about privacy and fake news has tragically damaged trust in the Facebook brand. The founder and CEO of Facebook essentially traded a core value, privacy, for profit. Their performance last year provides a classic case study for all companies on how to manage brand risk, or at least what not to do.

Facebook’s new mission statement says it seeks to “give people the power to build community and bring the world closer together.” A brand is basically a promise designed to create a bond of trust with customers. Facebook users provide personal data in the expectation and confidence that Facebook’s promise to build this community would be fulfilled with full privacy protection. However, Zuckerberg’s actions in 2018 have created the perception that he has chosen profits over people, a misalignment viewed negatively by the public that is tarnishing Facebook’s brand reputation.

In general, the branding risks of social media companies like Facebook have become more perplexing, as users around the world have become aware of cybersecurity issues and the ease with which their assets can be exposed. private data. The 2018 Edelman Trust Barometer found that trust in social media is only 41% globally. With this confidence in decline, consumers have insisted on wanting brands to pressure social media platforms to:

• Protect personal data: 71%
• Stop the spread of fake news: 70%
• Protect them from offensive content: 68%

Zuckerberg’s deceptive performance last year has undermined trust in Facebook and reminded many of his arrogant behavior portrayed in the movie “The Social Network.” It started early last year when it was revealed that a third party had gained access to the personal data of 87 million Facebook users in 2015, but the company did little to address this. It seemed like there was a privacy or fake news scandal every month of 2018. Some highlights:

• March: The world learned that Facebook exposed the private data of 50 million users to an academic researcher who sold it to analytics firm Cambridge Analytica. What bothered consumers the most was the fact that this data was used in Trump’s presidential ad campaign.

• April: By appearing before Congress, Zuckerberg tried to convince the world that Facebook “doesn’t sell data” to advertisers, condescendingly stating this 8 times. This may be technically true, but the public did not believe it in light of the sad reality of these data breaches.

• July: When Zuckerberg was asked why he wouldn’t ban an extreme conspiracy theory guy like Alex Jones, he dug a deeper hole by mentioning Holocaust deniers as an example of fake news he wouldn’t reject. This explanation caused Facebook to suffer the largest stock sell-off in US history, a $ 119 billion drop in one day, reflecting investors’ loss of faith in the brand.

• December: Despite Zuckerberg’s continued promises to add privacy controls, it was revealed that Facebook continued to grant access to personal data to other technology companies such as Microsoft, Amazon, and Spotify.

This disturbing practice of making promises but not keeping them has spooked users, as well as Congress, which is calling for greater oversight and stringent privacy laws. Zuckerberg may not have blatantly lied, but he was not truthful and his statements were often misleading, even misleading. Since then, Facebook has recognized that it cannot maximize privacy and profits at the same time.

So what can we learn from this constant stream of brand risk scandals? Some suggestions:

1. Preparedness: Facebook clearly underestimated its ability to control access to private data and the adverse reaction of consumers when these data breaches were exposed. A detailed assessment of such vulnerabilities would have led to a more observant company culture and stricter controls throughout.

2. Time and credibility of responses: After each scandal, Facebook waited several days to officially respond. These delays allowed bad news to spread and fester, exacerbating the growing perception of deception. While Zuckerberg eventually admitted guilt (“I am responsible for …), he should have been more specific.

3. Apologize convincingly: A direct and sincere apology can be a credible gesture of humility as a first step in restoring trust, something that Zuckerberg never adequately conveyed.

4. Proactive Redemption – Perhaps the most important and detailed corrective action needs to be outlined to convince users that these problems will never happen again. These preventative steps represent a promise that must be kept, something Facebook did not do.

Social media is a powerful, engaging, and enjoyable communication tool, but success will only be achieved if users trust the brand behind it. It’s not just what a brand says; more important is what it does. This defines the integrity and trust of a brand.

Accounting Terms: Exploring Retained Earnings

The concept of Retained Income is one of the main accounting terms, fundamental if we want to understand the structure of the balance sheet and the means of financing with which the assets of a company are financed. This article will explore this accounting term and a practical example that will help to better understand this concept.

Concept

Taking into account the term of retained earnings, we must first cover the definition of capital. The owners’ equity is a residual right of the shareholders on the assets of the company. Residual means that the first company has to return the liabilities and only afterwards what is left can be distributed to the shareholders. So equity is a difference between assets and liabilities and this can also be supported by the basic accounting equation, where Assets = Liabilities + Equity.

Equity in turn is made up of:

  • Social capital – initial investment by shareholders in the company, and
  • Retained earnings – Net profit obtained and remained in business, which has not yet been distributed to shareholders. Of course, in case the company has losses, said loss is accumulated as undistributed profits, which are a negative and decreasing value of capital.

That Balance sheet These two items are listed separately to show how much shareholders invested in the business and how much the business has accumulated in undistributed earnings since inception.

Relationship with the income statement

To understand the concept of Retained earnings it is better to demonstrate its relationship with the income statement. Let’s say we have a company that started business on January 1, 2009. Shareholders invested $ 10,000 in cash at the start of business. Statement of income for 2009 it is as follows (for simplicity, no taxes or interest expense are provided):

Income ___________________ 25,000

Cost of goods sold _________ (19,000)

Gross profit ________________ 6,000

Operating expenses __________ (3,000)

Net profit __________________ 3,000

The shareholders decided not to distribute dividends for 2009 and to retain all profits in the business. That Balance sheet in the Capital part you will see the following:

Share capital _______ 10,000

Retained earnings ____ 3,000

Total equity ________ 13,000

So all the net profit from the income statement goes to the balance sheet as retained earnings, since this profit was retained in the business.

Small Claw Machine and Toy Crane – Ideal for Game Rooms

From the inception and design process of the first claw machine – completed in the year 1893, the class machines got their presence and real form in the year 1926. Since then, these devices have witnessed a significant change and they are available in various shapes that you can choose based on your choice. There are a number of additional features associated with the amazing devices that are sure to enhance your experience of keeping one busy in the arcade. Leoamusement is useful to allow parents and guardians to put the fun and excitement of a right in the kitchen or on the game table at affordable prices.

How to choose the right models of small claw machines or order toy crane machines

Depending on your choice and requirement, you can choose suitable models of small claw machines or order the latest models of toy crane machines and receive them on time at your address. To do this, you need to order from the right manufacturer that is convenient for you and provides you with something innovative and advanced.

High-quality small claw machines and toy crane machines – choose the best models online

Custom solutions are also provided to you which will be an added advantage. If you are looking for the best models of small claw machines or looking for the right kind of toy crane machines, you will have better options to meet your requirements by going online and reaching Leo Amusement comes on top. A team of dedicated professionals has been working hard to bring you some of the latest game room instruments.

Leo Amusement is involved in making high quality machines that are easy to use and come with different additional features. You can contact from anywhere and at any time and get these instruments directly at your address. Search online here for the mini claw instrument in our toys and games at wholesale price. Latest technology, new brand and used for sale.

So what you are looking for, order now and get the best range of machines directly at your address. Leoamusement is the best manufacturer and exporter of Small claw machine offered by the market price base, so you can visit my website and get the best quality of toy crane machine and provider of arcade machines.

All of our products are made from the finest materials and undergo lengthy and rigorous testing by our quality control department to ensure stellar quality, and leoamusement offers a one-year warranty after purchase.

Status report of new electric vehicle technology

There is no doubt that electric cars are the next big thing. But where are we on new electric car technology? Are Affordable Electric Cars Available Today? Here’s a quick overview of what’s out there right now.

For proof that electric cars can be fast and fun, check out the Tesla Roadster. This exciting sports car can go from 0 to 60 mph in 4 flat seconds and reach speeds of over 100 mph. The Roadster sells for more than $ 100,000.

Another option is to buy a Scion xB and have the folks at AC Propulsion turn it into an electric vehicle. The result is called Ebox. It drives well and seats five passengers. The conversion cost about $ 55,000. Oh, and the Scion will cost you another $ 15,000.

BMW sells a popular car called the Mini. They have now produced an electric version called the Mini E. However, this car is not for sale. The good news is, you can rent it for $ 850 a month. The bad news is that you need to live in Los Angeles or New York to do it. And there are only 500 of them available.

Believe it or not, but Chrysler has been working on a new electric car technology. They plan to launch a Dodge electric vehicle in two to three years, if the company is still around. Like the Tesla, this is also an eye-catching sports car.

Do you notice a trend here? There is no affordable electric vehicle in sight. What is happening today is that people are not waiting for conventional electric cars to be made. Instead, they are building their own electric vehicles.

That’s right, there is a growing army of people who are scrapping their gasoline engines and replacing them with electric motors. It is not that difficult or that expensive. But how will you learn to do this?

You need to buy an electric car conversion kit first. There are many of them available on the Internet. These kits are actually instruction sets. They cost between $ 30 and $ 50 and can be downloaded right away, so you can literally get started as early as today.

New electric car technology has made electric car conversion much cheaper and easier than it used to be. Just follow the instructions, which also tell you where to find the cheapest parts, and you will soon be driving your own electric car!

Know how to launch your product the right way

There are countless ways this can benefit your launch, so read on and we’ll look at some of the ways launching rather than under-the-radar release can make a difference to your sales.

The first reason you want to create a product launch is that this will generate hype and excitement. And by creating hype and buzz, you will be able to ensure that people are more receptive to your product when it is finally published.

The best way to make people want something is to tell them to wait. This also gives them time to save money and generally means that when the product goes live, a lot of people will buy right then and there.

Believe it or not, a product launch can help you build authority. Simply launching a product rather than silently releasing it makes that product seem much more desirable and much more interesting, and ultimately this means that it is likely to get a lot more sales when it is finally released.

Affiliates love a product launch, so if you want an army of professional marketers to help you spread the word and generate more interest for your product, launching is one of the best ways to do just that.

Verifying an audience is a very important thing to do before launching any product. In other words, you need to make sure there are people who actually want to buy your product before you go ahead and spend time developing it. By having a product launch and preparing for that launch, you will be able to consult your audience and make sure they really want to see your product before spending a lot of time and effort to make it happen. You can ask your audience for ideas, and essentially end up making the exact product they request, essentially guaranteeing your success!

Creating amazing products

When it comes to creating digital products to sell, there are a myriad of different types of products that you can create. You can create an e-book, for example, or you can create software.

However, one of the best options is to create video content and sell it as a course, a seminar, or even a “documentary.” This is a great option because it immediately elevates you above all the other scum out there, anyone can make an ebook, but it takes some knowledge to create a well-produced video. Also, a video will be auto-rendered to easily create a lot of marketing collateral and generally it’s something that you can market very easily.

There are two types of video. Videos that you appear in and videos that you don’t include in yourself. And of the two, the former is by far the better option. This is the kind of video that will look like something truly high-quality and can really get the audience excited. The only problem? They are also the most difficult types of videos to make.

This is what you should do …

Team

First is the equipment you will need. If you intend to make high-quality videos, then of course you will need a good high-quality video camera to record those videos. This should be something that gives you 1080p (or better yet 4K) recording capability and allows you to shoot at 60fps. Even more importart? The screen should rotate so you can see what you are doing!

You also need a tripod and this will further help you film yourself without hiring a crew. You’ll also want lighting and a good option here is a light box. In many cases, the lighting is more important than the camera. Good sound is essential too, so get yourself a lav mic that you can use.

Editing and presentation

It is also very important that you have excellent presentation skills so that you look like a professional sounding individual and that the video is engaging.

From there, it’s about how they edit the video together; and you will need a good piece of software like Final Cut Pro or Adobe Premiere Pro to do that.

It’s a lot of work, but if you do it all, you’ll be left with something that sells itself!

What Your Baby’s Diaper Says When He’s Not Listening

We all know the adage about death and taxes as the only certainties in life. However, there should be an addition: diapers! We’ve all used them and sadly many of us will eventually use them again. I’m not here to talk about the latter, but to talk about baby diapers.

Think how unpleasant it must be for a baby to wear a diaper. Maybe your parents are quick enough to get wet and disappear in an instant, but still, the fact is, wearing a diaper is absolutely disgusting. I know you’re probably thinking, ‘yeah, but babies don’t know better’ and I can’t argue. But don’t you owe your child more than a stiff paper diaper?

Don’t you owe your child more than a cloth diaper that leaks from both ends and causes misery to everyone involved? I believe that our children deserve the best diaper that you, as a parent, can afford.

Diapers have come a long way even for ten years. For example, my wife and I are wearing a kind of Pampers that is almost as soft as an old favorite t-shirt that absorbs everything it comes in contact with. Don’t you owe your child the comforts of something as simple as changing a diaper?

We tried a cheap brand. Ounce. Once was too many times. I almost felt abusive gluing the tabs to a piece of stiff cardboard that the “T” Store calls a diaper. Our daughter also didn’t seem very pleased as she cried for the higher quality amenities.

There is a lot of debate about being “green” when it comes to changing diapers. Either way it goes, there is waste. Cloth diapers are fine, but if you use a diaper service, you are polluting the environment. Diapers like gBrand are really good, as most are recyclable and produce less waste, but waste nonetheless. There are really only two truly eco-friendly ways – to freely care for your child, what I heard is called neglect, so we will skip that. The other is to use a cloth and wash them yourself.

It’s fun to do that, it really is. You certainly have time, say, between waking up, feeding, cleaning, diapering, a snack, reading, playing, napping for two hours (this is your chance to clean up the poop), waking up, taking a bath, changing, having lunch, etc. ., etc. . Go!

So do yourself and your child a favor and get yourself some quality diapers. They would appreciate it if they could.

Download Tamil Movie [How to Download Latest Tamil HD Movies]

Tamil movie download : – if you are looking for the latest tamil movie of 2018 then i will help you download the latest tamil hd movies then this article will guide you to find Tamil movie free download sites, Here I share the list of top 3 movie download sites where you can also find the latest new Tamil movies released and also available to download Tamil dubbing movies like Kaala, Saaho, Bahubali2,

Joker, maya etc …

Here I will recommend you some new ones tamil movies 2018 full movie download site where you can go and download free tamil movies [new tamil movies 2018]: –

1. HOTSTAR

Hotstar is an online video streaming platform owned by Novi Digital Entertainment Private Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Star India Private Limited.

Hotstar currently offers more than 50,000 hours of TV and movie content in 8 languages, and all major sports are covered live.

Highly evolved video streaming technology and great attention to quality of experience across all devices and platforms make Hotstar the complete video destination for all Tamil HD video lovers.

Content organization at Hotstar is the result of a thoughtful user experience approach and strong design principles that ensure that the user is not overwhelmed with the breadth of available content. new tamil movies released

The Hotstar website works best with:

Latest version of Google Chrome

  • Latest version of Firefox
  • Latest version of Safari
  • Microsoft Windows XP or higher / MAC OS 10.2 or higher
  • Latest version of Adobe Flash Playe
  • JavaScript and cookies enabled

Part of the Content available on the Site can only be used by Registered Users who have registered under a subscription model (Subscription User).

You may need to register on the Site and make payments to access this content.

Hotstar is available on the Google Play Store and Apple App Store for mobile apps and tablets and can be accessed at hotstar.com

2. TORRENT SITES [tamil movies 2018 download tamilrockers]

The pirate bay – Currently offline

The Pirate Bay is the most popular movie torrent download site for BitTorrent users. It once fell due to legal troubles and ISP crashes. However, it is revived with one billion page views per month.

Torrent files provided: music, videos (including movie torrents), software, games, and more.

Features: Provides comprehensive resources that can be found effortlessly. Torrent users can set the language they want. But download speed can be its drawback.

Related Post: The Pirate Bay Down || The Pirate Bay Alternatives || Unlock The Pirate Bay

2. KickassTorrents

This top torrent site was created in 2009. Like the aforementioned TPB movie torrent site, it also encountered domain crashes and issues. But today it still continues with amazing page views.

Torrent files provided: movies, lossless music, TV shows, games, apps, anime, books, etc.

Features: What makes KickassTorrents special is the comment and feedback system. Users offer their recommendations and warnings after seeing the quality of the torrents.

Related Post: Download KickassTorrents Movies || Unblock KickassTorrents || Fix KickassTorrents turned off

Note: Previous domains like kat.cr, kickasstorrents.com, kickass.to, kat.ph, kastatic.com, and thekat.tv are down. Now, you can go to one of the mirror sites kickasstorrents.to, katcr.to, kickasstorrents.cr, kickasstorrent.cr, kat.am or Alternatives to KickassTorrents.

3. Torrentz – Torrentz is a free metasearch engine. Unlike other major torrent sites, it indexes torrent files, such as the latest movie torrents from different sites. According to an official statement, it can index 47,247,956 active torrents of 166,896,339 pages on 25 domains. However, it cannot now be used to index movie torrents. You can open the website, but nothing happens every time you enter keywords in the search field. >> Torrentz Movie Download Guide

4. ExtraTorrent – ExtraTorrent with all mirrors permanently disconnected in 2017 ExtraTorrent was also once a popular torrent site. It gained a large number of users. Thanks to well-organized categories, torrent users can easily search for what they are looking for.

Torrents files include: movies, TV, music, software, games, anime, books, pictures, mobiles, etc.

5. YTS.AG

YTS.AG is the REAL YTS domain for a new YIFY group. At this movie torrent download site, you can browse and download YIFY movies in excellent 720p, 1080p, and 3D quality, all in the smallest file size.

Torrent files include: films.

6. RARBG

RARBG is a fast growing movie torrent site. And alongside IsoHunt, it’s another torrent website that hasn’t been blocked in the UK.

7. Torrent downloads

Torrent Downloads is a new entry in the list of the top 10 torrent sites of 2018. From this site, you can download Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Beauty and the Beast, as well as other popular Hollywood movies. Now, you have 706,184 movie torrents in 25 total subcategories.

8. torrentHound – torrentHound was also a good movie torrent site. It was clean and did not show pop-ups when you clicked on a link. But this site did not include categories such as movies, TV shows. Put together different types of torrent files. To find out the target movie torrent, I had to make use of the search bar. Currently http://www.torrenthound.com/ is down, but there is speculation that it will return in the near future.

To rip DVD to common media formats, you must have a professional DVD ripper on hand. However, it is a difficult task to choose a free but useful DVD ripper from a large number of DVD ripping applications. Items to consider include DVD decryption ability, supported output profiles, DVD ripping speed, output quality, when looking for DVD ripping. When combined with these factors, WinX DVD Ripper is the best option.

Step 1. Choose an output profile. You will notice that there are many output profiles for PC, Mac, and devices. To rip DVD to MP4, you can choose “to MP4”.

Step 2. Configure the audio and video parameters. This is an optional step mainly suitable for advanced users. You can skip this and go directly to step 4.

Step 3. Specify the destination folder and click “RUN” to start ripping DVD to MP4.

See also: Thor: Ragnarok DVD ripping, Best 3 DVD Rippers for Mac (2018) Reviews, Best Hollywood Action Movies

Although the top 10 torrent sites of 2018 allow you to download movies in torrents, you and / or your computer may run into problems without realizing it. There are no absolutely safe movie torrent sites. If you want to enjoy movies anytime, anywhere, a professional DVD ripper is the best and safest way to rip DVD to high-quality digital files compatible with popular devices.

4: – BIGFLIX MOVIES

BIGFLIX is a movie-on-demand service that specializes in distributing Indian movies of all kinds.

It is India’s first movie on demand service. Allow users to stream or download movies at any time.

It generates its income from subscription fees and is not dependent on ads.

5. MYDOWNLOADTUBE.COM

MyDownloadTube.com is one of the most popular movie download sites. You have the ability to download Full HD movies easily via torrents or direct download links. Before downloading a movie, you can find the one you are looking for by genre or by using its search feature and check the trailer, IMDB rating, and a little description so you can understand what the movie is really about.

For more Vist: – https://www.gurujitricks.com

Does aerobic exercise cause muscle wasting?

This is a statement that you hear frequently, especially among bodybuilders, but also among some personal trainers. The most extreme version is that aerobics make you fat, the reasoning is that it leads to muscle loss, which slows your metabolism and makes you gain fat because now you are eating too much for your slow metabolism. These types of statements are based on a certain truth, as we will see, but they are greatly exaggerated. Your muscles are not going to lose because you run half an hour a day.

There are some mechanisms by which aerobic exercise can interfere with muscle growth or cause actual muscle loss. The first is that concurrent aerobic exercise and strength training lead to competitive adaptations in the muscles. For example, steady-state aerobic exercises lead to endurance adaptations, such as increased mitochondria (aerobic energy factories) and aerobic enzymes in muscle cells, while strength training can lead to hypertrophy or growth of muscle fibers. . The bottom line is that doing both activities has been shown to cut muscle growth by about half compared to just strength training. [Docherty, 2001; Gordon, 1967].

For those of us who are doing strength training to get in shape, this isn’t a big deal, it just means that it will take longer to build muscle mass. But for bodybuilders it is interfering with the mastery of their specialty. Many bodybuilders will minimize aerobic exercises or take steps to reduce interference. I think this is where the seeds of this “muscle wasting” idea were first planted. But keep in mind that aerobics have been shown in these studies to slow the rate of muscle growth, which is a long way from causing muscle loss. Interestingly, the opposite interference doesn’t seem to occur: adding strength training doesn’t interfere with cardiovascular improvements. Many of us who practice aerobic training will complement it with strength work in the upper body, and in that case there is no problem with simultaneous training.

There is another way that cardiovascular exercise can interfere with strength training, and it may be by simply taking too long. I remember a time when I was trying to lose weight, so I was doing about 90 minutes of cardio a day. I tried to do a token amount of resistance training, but I was short on time and wasted anyway. I was much more successful when I cut back to a more reasonable hour per day and allowed more time to lift. I talk about the proper balance of different types of training in another article.

However, there are a couple of mechanisms by which excessive aerobic exercise can lead to real muscle loss due to overtraining and / or poor nutrition. Too much aerobic exercise can increase the production of catabolic hormones such as cortisol (often referred to as the “stress hormone”), which can subsequently lead to the breakdown of muscle tissue. But aerobics in moderate amounts is a relaxing activity that leads to a net decrease in cortisol. Only excessive amounts of aerobic activity lead to elevated cortisol levels in the bloodstream after the activity is complete. A study that specifically examined how much aerobic exercise is needed found that cortisol elevations did not occur when running for 40 to 80 minutes, but only occurred in two-hour runs. [Tremblay, 2005]. Ironically, high-volume resistance training can cause the same effect. [Stone, 1998]But I never heard anyone warn you not to lift weight because it makes your muscles wear out!

The other mechanism is that if your body doesn’t have enough glucose in your blood, it can make it by breaking down proteins. If there is not enough protein available from food, you will get it from muscle tissue. [Berning, 1998]. Again, this is only likely if you are overtraining or undernourished. The most obvious example of this is “hitting the wall” in the marathon or cyclists “hitting” on long rides. You can become irritated and have impaired judgment because your brain, which only runs on glucose, doesn’t get enough fuel. I have experienced both and they are not fun. I don’t know if my body broke muscles for fuel, but then it felt like my muscles had been broken, or at least hit. But both times this occurred to me after about 3 hours of exercise without fuel. On the other hand, many people who practice aerobics, thinking of carbohydrates as fuel, will increase their consumption of bad carbohydrates like white flour products or sugary drinks or “energy bars” that are basically glorified candy bars. This can lead to

unhealthy lifestyle of poor nutrition justified by overtraining.

There’s a way that people who do a lot of cardio can end up protein deficient: resistance exercise increases the demand for protein. It actually provides a small but not negligible amount of fuel (you’ve probably heard that cardio is fueled by a mix of carbs and fat, depending on intensity level, but there’s a bit of protein in the mix, too) and protein. necessary to repair any tissue damage caused by exercise [Noakes, 2004]. Strength trainers are well aware that they need more protein, but people who do cardio often aren’t. Also, since many of those who do cardio are trying to lose weight, they are probably cutting calories at the same time, which if you do so simply by reducing your portion size can decrease your protein intake. The typical recommendation for protein is 0.25 to 0.45 grams per pound of body weight, but endurance athletes may require more than 0.55 to 0.65 grams per pound. [Sharkey, 2001].

So don’t train too much and don’t eat less, and don’t eat junk. Follow common sense procedures like easy day / hard day, don’t do hours of cardio a day, and don’t try to lose more than a pound of weight per week. Make sure to balance cardio and resistance training, and your muscles will be fine.

References:

· Berning, J, “Energy intake, diet and muscle wasting”, in Overtraining in sport, Kreider, R, Fry, A and O’Toole, M, eds, Human Kinetics, 1998.

Noakes, T, Lore of Running, Human Kinetics, 2002.

Sharkey, B, Fitness and Health, Human Kinetics, 2001.

· Stone, M, and Fry, A, “Increasing training volume in strength / power athletes”, in Overtraining in sport, Kreider, R, Fry, A, and O’Toole, M, eds, Human Kinetics, 1998.

Tremblay, M, Copeland J and Van Helder, W, “Influence of exercise duration on post-exercise steroid hormone responses in trained men”, Eur J Appl Physiol, 94 (5-6): 505-13, 2005 .